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The last component of your basic college English composition course is the AP Lang test. The most crucial—and sometimes challenging—component is the AP Language Synthesis Essay. It's the cornerstone of your future writing abilities, but if you're not prepared, it can be challenging. Additionally, each year's test details could vary. So, with the expert guidance of Nerdpapers analytical essay writers, let's explore what an AP lang synthesis essay is and how to write it. 

What is ap lang?

The AP Language exam is a bit lengthy. Students who want to pass this AP test need to be well-versed in multiple rubrics. Reading and writing are covered in the first half, while three distinct kinds of essays are covered in the second, which is a little more freeform.
Of those three, the synthesis essay is the AP Lang rubric, which is the most interesting and, surprisingly, often the most challenging to tackle. We'll concentrate today on the AP Lang synthesis essay, especially to make sure you know what to expect on your test.

Understanding the AP Lang synthesis essay

Do you know what is a synthesis essay ap lang? Imagine someone is selling a mysterious remedy claiming it can cure any disease, but they won't reveal its ingredients or how it works. Would it be wise to buy this remedy? Probably not!

The same procedure applies when writing an essay. If you do not cite your sources for your thoughts, a reader won't believe even your ideas are the best ones. That's where the synthesis essay comes in! In a comprehensive essay, an argument is made on the basis of outside sources. Synthesis essays are used to develop compelling arguments for your viewpoints. You not only need to gather the information, but you also need to add your opinion. 

The goal of the AP synthesis essay rubric is to demonstrate your ability for in-depth source analysis and the creation of an original, well-reasoned thesis statement backed up by relevant evidence. Writing an essay of this kind requires both critical analysis skills as well as creative thinking since you have to evaluate the data you have collected and combine it to create a fresh, original viewpoint.

Types of Synthesis Essays

Synthesis essays are of different types. But the most common are explanatory and argumentative synthesis essays. Let's have a look at them:

Explanatory synthesis essay

The purpose of an explanatory essay is to cover a subject, go into great depth about it, and then show a deep understanding of the subject. You can convince the reader about something without necessarily getting into a furious debate with them. All you have to do is compile an unbiased summary.

Argumentative synthesis essay

An argumentative essay contains personal opinions, but it should be as objective and fact based as possible despite the possibility of bias. You should stick to logical and objective facts when presenting your arguments rather than depending on your feelings. This strategy will strengthen your claim.

Key Components of an AP Lang Synthesis Essay Outline

When you go through the examples of synthesis essays, you will notice that their structure is almost similar to other essays. You have to do an in-depth analysis of the material you gathered before you start working on a synthesis essay ap lang outline. Keep in mind that if the document is properly structured, then it must receive good grades. If you don't format your essay correctly, you won't get good marks even if you write a superb one. You must ensure that you have a thorough understanding of how to write a synthesis essay ap lang.

A lot of time is required to write a synthesis essay outline for the AP Lang test. Simply follow the below steps:


Write about the topic you're going to cover. Add a strong thesis statement. Your thesis statement should cover three ideas on the selected topic. Moreover, it should also include some background details and a strong attention-grabbing hook statement.

The body paragraphs (3 to 4 paragraphs):

As per the standard essay outline, you must write three paragraphs in the body section of your synthesis essay. Start each paragraph with a new thought or idea. If you use someone else's words exactly, put them in quotes. Also, the evidence must be from a reliable source. Any information that is not your own should be cited, and your sources should all be listed in your works cited page or bibliography.

Conclusion (1 paragraph):

This section is dedicated to wrapping up your paper and providing a logical conclusion. Only tie up the topics you covered in the introduction and body, without introducing any new ideas. Your conclusion statement must be strong enough to leave a lasting impression on the reader.

How do you write a synthesis essay introduction?

The most challenging aspect of academic writing is often getting started. When your mind is teeming with ideas, it can be overwhelming to decide where to begin. Students often spend numerous hours brainstorming ideas. An effective approach is to address this question: 'What would grab my attention if I were the reader"?
When you're coming up with ideas for how to compose the paper, keep in mind the specific requirements of the synthesis essay. You can begin in a few different ways. First method is to present a fascinating fact that not everyone is aware of. The second is to start the essay with a well-known quotation related to the subject. The success of your work will mostly depend on the first impression you make on the reader. So, try to grab their interest quickly.

☑️Reading suggestion: How to write a research paper introduction

Step-By-Step Guide on How to write a good synthesis essay AP lang

Here are some good techniques for writing a synthesis essays:

How to write a good synthesis essay AP lang

Thoroughly read assignment details

Think about the requirements for the assignment. It is very important to understand the assignment completely. Teachers will frequently ask a question regarding a particular subject. They may then assign you a number of readings from articles, academic journals, or other sources to help you gain information. Knowing what the assignment entails will help you make sure you focus on the appropriate material in your readings.

Choose or read about the topic

Read the materials carefully, regardless of whether your instructor assigns you to read a certain amount or requires you to conduct your own research. To fully understand the authors' points of view and their connections, think about annotating each text. One of the most important aspects of synthesis essays is the ability to contrast and compare ideas from multiple sources.

Make a strong thesis statement

Take time to read each source deeply and create a synthesis essay AP lang thesis statement. Do not overlook minute details. The thesis statement is the baseline of your writing. Write it clearly and concisely. Do not overthink too much because you're not adding any details at this point.

Create synthesis essay outline ap lang

Making an outline will assist you in organizing the structure of your essay. You can outline your topic and any supporting details in a structured format with Roman numerals. There may be subcategories inside each where you can put references to the different articles and make particular references to points you will make. By citing these sources, you can make sure that your essay includes passages or details from each article.

Compose synthesis essay introduction

A paper's introduction is its opening paragraph. Its primary goal is to introduce the paper's basic idea, include any background information that is required, and, ideally, grab the reader's interest. You should have a compelling thesis statement in the first paragraph. This is where you will introduce your argument or the point of view you are investigating.

Add body paragraphs to your essay

The three primary components of a strong body paragraph are a topic sentence (also known as a key sentence), relevant supporting phrases, and a closing (also known as a transitional) sentence. This format provides clear, succinct information while maintaining your paragraph's focus on the main point. The various components and justifications of your thesis, together with supporting data from each source, should be covered in detail in each body paragraph. Describe the theme that runs through your materials and how your text relates to them. Add counter arguments as well as how your source material may dispute those claims while supporting your own.

Write conclusion

The last section of a research paper, essay, or article that provides a summary of the entire work is called the conclusion. Your synthesis essay's conclusion paragraph should repeat your thesis, provide a summary of the main points you raised throughout the essay, and provide your assessment of the main idea.

Make a bibliography

An essay's bibliography is a list of the sources you consulted while writing it. You may compose this on a formal work cited or references page at the conclusion of the essay, depending on the essay type. Try including any works that you have quoted or paraphrased in order to provide context.

If you don't know how to cite sources in AP Lang synthesis essay, then avail of our annotated bibliography writing service to cite your sources correctly. 


When writing is complete, go over the assignment once more to see if there are any formatting requirements. Depending on your field, you may frequently submit essays using common formatting styles like MLA or APA. This may change depending on the kind of essay you write because synthesis essays can be written on a wide range of topics.


Before submitting or presenting your assignment, make sure to proofread it several times. Sometimes, the entire core of an argument or opinion can be altered or discredited by a few misplaced words or grammatical faults. Make sure your syntax, grammar, and writing style are as precise and understandable as you can. This will make you seem like a reliable source.

Synthesis Essay AP lang rubric

Generally, a synthesis essay rubric assesses multiple factors, such as your ability to compile and integrate several sources, your ability to build a solid argument, and your proficiency with language and mechanics. Although rubrics differ from instructor to instructor, a simple AP synthesis essay rubric includes the following:

  • Your argument's cohesion and clarity
  • Ability to back up your claims with proof
  • Language and mechanics used
  • Combining ideas from several sources
  • Information synthesis from several sources

To make sure you're fulfilling all the requirements for the assignment, make sure you go over any rubrics your professor or teacher may have provided. As an alternative, if you are feeling overwhelmed, you can always hire our assignment writing service for timely delivery and expert help.  

Tips for Synthesis Essay AP Lang

Now that you know how to write a synthesis essay in AP lang properly, your chances of receiving an A are significantly increased. Use these synthesis essay tips in AP Lang to ensure that your project will receive a high score. You can become an expert writer by adhering to them.

Tips for Synthesis Essay AP Lang

Pick the right subject

As a student, you may be motivated to write on a topic about which you are unfamiliar in order to widen your horizons. Learning new things is perfectly acceptable, but it should happen on your own time rather than while you are completing a paper for a grade.
Write an essay based on your knowledge; we assure you that you will learn a great deal of new information when you research the topic. Focusing on improving your writing abilities and achieving a good mark should be your main objectives; writing on an entirely different subject makes it more likely that you won't achieve an A.

Refer credible sources

One of the main issues facing academia today is that new students frequently quote Facebook, blogs, and other unreliable media sources in their papers because they are unsure of what makes an authentic source. When writing a paper, refer only to books, academic journals, the internet, and other similar resources.

Properly cite your sources

Making improper or missing citations and bibliographies will always result in a failing assignment. Failure to adhere to the professor's directions is another factor that frequently gets students into trouble. This frequently occurs when a student chooses to cite in Chicago style format or Harvard styles, but the professor prefers another format, like MLA essay format. Never carry out this. Regardless of whether you agree with your professor's instructions or not, you should always obey them.

Read your essay aloud

Speaking out loud while reading an essay can help you identify sentences or paragraphs that need clarification or correction. Try doing this to find any last-minute structural or grammar errors.

Synthesis Essay Do's and Don'ts

  • Leave enough time for proofreading and editing your essay.
  • Make a proper schedule for how much time you are required to write each section.
  • Try to use MLA or Chicago style to format your essay.
  • Add as many arguments as you can to support your claim, but all must be solid and relevant to the topic.
  • Read the source material thoroughly.
  • Private anecdotes should not be used to support your argument unless the essay genre expressly permits it. These don't provide a strong enough case.
  • Don't get too deep into the essay topic; instead, immerse yourself and show your thorough understanding of the subject.

AP Lang Synthesis Essay Prompts

Here is a list of AP synthesis essay prompts:

  1. Analyze the impact of technology on modern society.  Use evidence from at least four sources to support your viewpoint.
  2. Discuss the government role in climate change.
  3. Explore the pros and cons of social media in the context of interpersonal communication.
  4. Analyze the relationship between education and income inequality.
  5. Consider the effects of globalization on the economy. Synthesize information from at least three sources to make your case.
  6. Discuss the effects of climate change on global agriculture. Cite evidence from at least four sources to support your argument.
  7. Consider the effects of widespread monitoring programs on people's civil liberties and right to privacy while balancing potential benefits for national security against worries about privacy invasion.
  8. Analyze the impact of immigration on cultural diversity in the United States.
  9. Discuss the ways that media sources, such as news sites, social media, and advertisements, affect societal attitudes, beliefs, and actions as well as public opinion.

Final Thoughts

Now we've come to the end of the blog; you should not be feeling stressed by the thought of writing an AP Lang synthesis essay. Moreover, you already know that analyzing sources, creating a strong outline, and skillfully integrating them into your writing are essential to success.

So don't be afraid, brave writer! You're ready to start writing a successful paper now because you have these synthesis essay writing strategies at your hand. Alternatively, you may simply buy an essay to wow your teachers!

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