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Biographies are accounts of someone else's life that are written by a single person. Writing a biography requires a lot of work, as it involves extensive research and learning a lot about the subject. It's helpful to have a fundamental understanding of a biography's structure and subject matter before starting to write one. In this post, we'll define biographies, outline their format, and show you how to write a biography. If you're looking for assistance in crafting a compelling biography, consider utilizing  professional biography writing service by Nerdpapers.
Students mostly have basic knowledge of biography. It is worthwhile to spend some time coming up with a precise definition of a biography before they put pen to paper.

What is biography writing?

Biography writing means writing about someone else's life. It includes information about the person's birthplace, their education, interests, accomplishments, life events, and contributions they have made to the world. The basic purpose of writing a biography is to explore and tell the story of another person. It gives you the chance to research and learn interesting facts about someone. Moreover, it is very important to know all the elements that make a biography reading and writing interesting and worthy. 

Basic Biography Structure

Basic Biography Structure

Consider structuring your essay using the basic biography structure outlined here.

✔️Orientation (Start)

A compelling hook at the beginning of your biography will draw the reader's attention.


Unless you're a highly skilled writer who actively tries to break the pattern, biographies are often written in chronological sequence.


Everything that assists the reader in learning about the person, including childhood, upbringing, education, influences, successes, relationships, etc.


If the person is still living, end your biography with some information about what they are doing right now. Mention their influence and what their legacy is or will be if they have already passed away.

✅Pro Tip: When considering the structure of a biography, it's crucial to recognize the difference between a biography and an autobiography. While biographies are written by an external author, capturing the life of another individual, autobiographies are penned by the subject themselves. This distinction influences the narrative style and perspective adopted in each genre.

What are the basic elements of biography?

You can bring characters to life by effectively writing the features of biography. They consist of thorough research, pertinent interviews, a clear outline, captivating prose, interesting themes, and an equal balance of objectivity and humanity. 

Basic elements of biography

Detailed Research

Do thorough research. It will help you to accurately portray your subject. Find out the person's birth date and place. This information is usually available in birth records, hospital records, and birth announcements in newspapers. Additionally, you may want to know the parent's names and professions. Then research about a person's schooling, his/her career, and interests. An annotated bibliography can be particularly helpful in this regard, as it offers concise summaries and critical evaluations of various sources, aiding in the selection of the most relevant and credible information.

Relevant Interviews

If the person is still alive, interview them. Interview the individuals who knew the person as well. Many people have fascinating tales to tell, and they might be more ready to share information than the subject of your study, particularly if they are well-known individuals. You'll gain a better understanding of your subject in this manner. 

Clear and Well Defined Structure

Organize your biography in a proper manner. It will help you to outline your ideas effectively. Begin with the basics, such as the person's date of birth, birthplace, where they resided, and the names of their parents and spouse. This is an excellent starting point. 
You can organize your biography into parts and then add details to each part. Moreover, include important life events in a historical context. 

Captivating language 

It is a crucial element of biography writing because it assists in engaging the readers and bringing the subject's story to life. Use illustrative language to help the reader visualize the subject's life experiences, events, and surroundings. You should connect with the reader at an emotional level by describing their feelings, thoughts, and struggles. 

Interesting Themes

Show motivation and dreams behind your subject. Explore the subject's ambitions, goals, and desires, and then discuss what motivated them to complete their goals. Also, discuss how their goals evolve with time. Additionally, you should highlight the challenges they faced in their lives and how they overcame them. 

The Balance between objectivity & humanity

Avoid preconceptions and let your subject shine for who they truly are. Take a neutral position without bias or prior ideas. It is your responsibility as a biographer to paint an accurate and complete picture of your subject, showcasing them in a way that captures their actual essence and character.

How to write a biography in 6 simple steps?

Now you have a clear understanding of the elements of biography, you can follow these components to ensure that your biography turns out to be a masterpiece. There are few steps on how to write a biography. 

Choose the person and do research about them

After deciding the title of a biography, do some research on that subject. If you could write about the individual who interests you, it would be excellent. If you're writing a biography of a famous historical figure, a contemporary icon, or a regular individual, you should consider the important details to point out. 

Read more about your subject by performing detailed research. Your mind must have a clear picture of your subject, such as who they are, their contributions, academic careers, relationships, hardships, experiences, and accomplishments. Explore a wide range of sources, as each writer has a different opinion. Moreover, take note of interesting events, dates, and facts. This will help you to structure your biography. 

Create biography outline

Decide your biography structure first. Your biography should follow the standard five paragraph format or instructions given by your instructor. The major events in a person's life are typically organized in chronological sequence in biographies. Knowing the sequence of major events before you begin writing can save you the time and effort of having to reorganize your entire story later. Consult different biography outline templates available online before making an outline. 

Write Introductory Paragraph

It is the first paragraph of your biography, and you have to engage your reader at this point. You can start with a quote about the subject's life or something that reveals the individual life in an excellent way. Then, include an interesting story and accomplishments they achieved in their life. 

Make your thesis statement

The initial paragraph or chapter of your biography should explain to the reader what they may expect to learn about the subject. A biography's thesis states a claim about the subject, which the rest of the biography will support with pertinent details.

Body paragraph

In this section, you will add all the information collected during the research. Add the subject's childhood details such as DOB, living place, birthplace, and childhood memories. Then, include their academic career from schooling to the last degree they got. You should also tell the readers about the subject interests, ambitions, goals, lifestyle, struggle to achieve the desired goals, challenges they faced, and how they overcame those hurdles. Moreover, you can add about the people who were close to them. Make your biography interesting by adding emotions, sentiments, and facts. 


Here, wrap up your biography writing and draw a conclusion about your subject. End your essay by using strong points. Restate your thesis statement or ideas you discussed in a body paragraph. Your conclusion should end by answering the following queries:

  • What kind of impact did they have on their selected field?
  • How does their work still hold up today?
  • What is left behind? How do people remember them?
  • What or who did they make a significant impact on?

The best biography essay not only examines the person's life and accomplishments but also provides interesting facts about them. Don't be satisfied with short descriptions; explore more to learn more.

Genres of Biography

Let's discuss some of the most famous types of biography writing.

Historical Fiction Biography

A historical fiction biography centers on a real historical figure while including elements of fiction. This may result in an interesting, enjoyable story. Writing a historical fiction biography requires a lot of in depth historical knowledge, and consulting a historian can help ensure that all the details are correct.

Academic Biography

It is a biography that tells about the individual's academic career. Academics sometimes write biographies for the websites of their companies or scholarly publications. They frequently hire writers to write their bios.

In the case of academic biography, it's crucial to learn about the subject you're writing about, especially their field of specialization and noteworthy professional accomplishments. Academic writing standards require a thorough understanding of the subject matter and a critical analysis of the individual's contributions.

Fictional Biography

In a fictional biography, a fictional character acts as the subject of the story. Usually, the character is created by the author. The fictional biographies frequently include massive amounts of realistic information.

Some Helpful Tips on How to Write a Biography

Here are some simple ideas for a biography writing.

Literature Review

When conducting your research for the biography, don't overlook the importance of incorporating a literature review into your process. A literature review involves surveying existing scholarly works, biographies, historical documents, and other relevant sources to gain a comprehensive understanding of your subject. By synthesizing information from diverse sources, you can enrich your biography with insightful analysis, critical perspectives, and contextual relevance, thereby enhancing its overall quality and credibility.

Take permission if required

The essential step in writing a biography is to get permission from the person you're writing about. If the person is alive, contact them and obtain permission. This may help you seem more professional and provide you with the chance to interview the subject and involve them in the biography writing process.

Know your audience

If you want to write an effective piece of biography, then you must understand your audience. Identify your target audience first. Try to write with your audience in mind once you have gained insight into them. Use clear language and humorous jokes to communicate with them. This can increase the success of your work and help you appeal to your audience.

Write engaging flashbacks

Another helpful tip is to use the writing techniques of flashbacks. Flashbacks provide the viewer a chance to review earlier sections of the story, which may help in setting up the scene. This can assist the audience to understand the story and make it more captivating.

Biography writing prompts

Here is a list of a few topics that you can choose for writing a biography.

  • Write about your interesting family person.
  • Write a biography of a famous artist or writer.
  • Write a biography of someone who overcame difficulty or experienced a life-changing event. How did they find the courage to suffer and succeed?
  • Explore the life of an entrepreneur or business leader. What were the risks and rewards they encountered in their professional journey?
  • Select a figure from the entertainment industry, such as an actor or director. How did their career evolve, and what were their most significant achievements?
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